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No date of birth is known. He died in CE, at al-Rabadhain the desert east of Medina. Abu Dhar is remembered for his strict piety and also his opposition to Muawiyah I during the caliph Uthman ibn Affan era.

He was regarded by many, including Ali ShariatiMuhammad Sharqawi and Sami Ayad Hanna, as a principal antecedent of Islamic socialism[4] [5] [6] [7] [8] the first Islamic socialist, or the first socialist altogether. Little is known of his life before his conversion sbuzer Islam. He was born to the Ghifar clan, found to the western south of Medina.

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The Quraysh clan of Muhammad was also a branch of the Banu Ebuxer tribe. Popular accounts of Abu Dhar ebuzzer say that his tribe lived by pillaging caravansbut that he preferred to live a poor but honest life as a shepherd.

Having heard the contention that a new prophet had arisen in Mecca, Abu Dhar and his brother travelled to Mecca to find the prophet. The young seeker converted instantly gffari rushed out to declare his new faith in front of the Kaabawhich at that time was a pagan temple.

He was beaten for ebhzer religious belief. He did this three days in a row, after which the Prophet Muhammed told him to return to his clan, where he taught his people about Islam. Muhammad once said that “the sky did not spread its canopy on any man who was more truthful than Abu Dharr.

This seems to be a simplified account of stories reported in these hadiths According to the early Islamic historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-TabariAbu Dhar claimed to have been the fourth or fifth convert to Islam. However, Saad bin Abi Waqqas made the same claim. While the exact order of conversion may never be established, no one doubts that he was a very early convert.


He participated in the Battle of Badr. The Muslims also brought seventy camels and two horses, meaning that they either had to walk or fit three to four men per camel. Abu Dhar had begun his agitation in Medina after Uthman had givendirhams to Marwan I gari,to al-Harith b.

He then quoted relevant Qur’anic passages threatening the hoarders of riches with hell-fire. Marwan complained ebuzwr Uthman, who sent his servant Natil to warn Abu Dhar, but to no avail. Uthman displayed patience for some time until, in the presence of the caliph, Abu Dhar launched an angry verbal attack on Ka’ab al-Ahbarwho had backed Uthman’s free use of public money.

Uthman now chided Abu Dhar and sent him to Damascus. There is a tradition that Muhammad predicted this sad end, saying, “May Allah have mercy upon Abu Gfai

Lonely will he live, lonely will he die and lonely will he be resurrected [ citation needed ] “. Many hadith, oral traditions, are traced to Abu Dhar. He is respected as an early and observant Muslim, and a man who was honest and direct dbuzer a fault. He was, according to the Sunni tradition, a rough, unlettered Bedouin who held no high office, but who served the Muslim community, the Ummahwith everything he had to give.

During the caliphate of Uthman, he stayed in Damascus and witnessed Muslims deviating from Islam, going after gfar pleasures and desires. He was saddened and repelled by this. So Uthman invited him to come to Madinah. Abu Dhar then asked Uthman to go to al-Rabathah, a small village eastern Madinah. Uthman approved his request. Abu Dhar stayed there away from people, holding ggari to the traditions sunnah of Muhammad and his companions.

A man visited him once and when he found his house almost bare, he asked Abu Dhar: The man understood what Abu Dhar meant and said: Also, when the Prince Amir of Syria sent Abu Dhar three hundred dinars to meet his needs, he returned the money saying, “Does not the Amir find a servant more deserving of it than I? Abu Dhar continued in his simple life, and dedicated himself to Allah only until he died, in 32 A. Aba Dhar is considered one of the greatest and most loyal sahaba, along with Salman the PersianMiqdad ibn Aswadand Ammar ibn Yasir.

Abu Dhar, his wife and his daughter went to al-Rabathah Desert. He was recalling our Master Muhammad’s words: Abu Dhar, may Allah have mercy upon you. You’ll live alone, die alone, rise from the dead alone and enter Paradise alone.


Muhammad is reported to have said, “Neither has the sky shaded one more truthful and honest than Abu Dhar nor has the earth had anyone walk over it like him. In these matters he is like Isa bin Maryam. During the Battle of TaboukAbu Dhar was left behind because his camel was ill or too weak.

So he alighted from it and, placing the pack on his back, walked to the rest of the army. Death will single him out and on the Day of Resurrection, he will stand up all alone!

Ebu Zer el-Gıfârî

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List of expeditions of Muhammad. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by gfarl citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on Traditions, Challenge, and Change, Sixth Edition, p.

Volume 5, Book 59, Number gfaro. Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 16 Euzer Volume 4, Book fl, Number “. Archived from the original on 20 July Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 19 March Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa’d,Volume 2.

Companions of Ali ibn Abi Talib. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 10 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Ebuzdr of Use and Privacy Policy.

Being a loyal companion of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali [1] [2].

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