Adolescent sexuality (Ergenlerde cinsellik). Genel Tıp Dergisi, 16 (3), T. C. Sağlık Bakanlığı (). A framework f or sexual health and reproduction. Pdf internet addiction, which has become a global social issue, can be broadly conceptualized as an inability to control ones use of the internet which leads to. Set T, Dağdeviren N, Aktürk Z, Ergenlerde cinsellik. Genel Tıp Derg ;16(3): Yalvaç G. (editör). Karşılaştırmalı-Gerekçeli TCK. CMK.
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In this research, the objective is to determine the level of cjnsellik, the sources of information and the behavior of adolescent male and female students in Turkey on the matter of reproductive health.
The sample is comprised of students randomly chosen from four different elementary schools. The survey form was used for data collection. In analyzing the data, we calculated averages and performed Chi-square tests. We determined that We found established that We found significant differences between boys and girls, including the following: It is observed that the perception of puberty symptoms is different for boys and girls, and the girls are more open to communicate with their mothers, while the boys are more open to communicate with their friends.
Puberty is a transition period between childhood and adulthood, including the processes of rapid growth, development and maturation in terms of physical, psychological, biochemical and social conditions [ 1 — 7 ]. Youth throughout the world are exposed to many risk factors, especially in countries where sexual activity starts at an early age [ 10 ].
The 6th, 7th, and 8th grades, which form the second phase of basic cinselli in Turkey, are the transition period between childhood and puberty.
These grades differ from the others because they include the first years of puberty, and hence they become a transition period.
Other sources use different classification schemes for the different stages of puberty. In general, the periods above are widely accepted. Early puberty is the period where sexual hormones are secreted in males and females, and as the sex-specific effects of these hormones appear, growth and development accelerates rapidly. The average age at which puberty begins is 10 with a range of 8—13 for girls and 12 with a range of 9—14 for boys.
The development of breasts in girls and the increase in the volume of testicles in boys are accepted as the earliest symptoms of puberty [ 4512 — 14 ]. The first supervisors of the sexual education of children are parents. However, in Turkey, sexuality is still seen as a taboo due to socio-cultural factors, and education, services and research on sexuality are limited.
Sexual education is expected to start in the family, but this is difficult because the parents who are supposed to provide the ergenlerdd do not have enough information themselves on the matter [ 1516 ].
The confusion and anxiety adolescents have during early puberty due to the rapid physical ergenlerre coupled with their inability to adapt to these changes can cause sudden changes in their behavior and reactions towards the people in their environment [ 4 — 6151718 ].
Cinsllik should be remembered that as more adolescents go through this process in a healthy manner, the healthier the adult population will become. Therefore, this research aims to determine the knowledge and behavior of adolescents in early puberty. The total sample of students was comprised of male students and female students in these classes. The data collection form included 28 questions developed by researchers based on the current knowledge on the subject.
The data collection form used both multiple choice questions etgenlerde allowed students to choose more than one option and open-ended questions. Furthermore, questions on sex-specific changes, functions of the male and female reproductive organs, and sexual growth and development were included. The data collection took place in May Before the research began, written permission was given by the Ministry of Education Istanbul Provincial Directorate of National Education.
Ergenlerxe to the collection of data, the school administration was informed about the stages of the study in an effort to encourage cooperation. The data collection forms were distributed in the classrooms during ergenlerds time as determined by the counseling service.
The objective of the study was explained to the students, and we also explained that their personal information would be kept confidential, and all the data would only be used within the scope of the research study.
Oral consent was obtained from the students who wished to participate in the survey. Afterwards, the data collection forms were handed out to students. None of the students refused to complete the data collection forms.
We used Eregnlerde Program for the Social Sciences, version In the evaluation of categorical data percentages, averages were calculated and Chi-square tests were performed.
We etgenlerde that the average age of the students included in the research was The average age of girls whose menstrual cycles had started was In terms of parental education level, we found that When the family structures were studied, we determined that We established that We found that A relatively large percentage of the students We determined that girls mostly discuss their puberty symptoms with ergenlerdde mothers The distribution of the behavior and the reactions of the students to puberty symptoms.
We found that many students Both groups want to be informed primarily by doctors: We determined that cinsellio of the students We established that most of the students Additionally, most students We found existence of health lesson at school In terms of physical and sexual development, cimsellik is the developmental period where differences between the sexes become most obvious [ 514 ]. The average age of the students in the sample was Various studies have shown that in Cinseloik, the average age of menarche is The average age of the girls who had reached menarche in our sample was When the level of RH knowledge of the adolescents included in the sample is considered, it is established that most This result might be related to the traditional ways girls are raised and the restrictions to which they are exposed compared with boys.
In Turkish society, sex is still seen as a taboo topic, and it cannot be openly discussed [ 18 ].
Sexual Activity among Children under the Age of 15 A Case Report
There is a societal benefit to families informing their children about sex and sharing their basic values with them. As children undergo the transition to adulthood, they develop values related to cunsellik [ 9 ].
cinseklik It is seen as most suitable that mother inform daughter and father inform son about sexual identity. However, we found that adolescents of both sexes mostly prefer to talk to their mothers.
Adolescents who cannot talk to their parents about sex comfortably and who do not receive sexual education at schools might receive wrong information from untrustworthy sources [ 182021 ]. We determined that in terms of sharing between mother and child about the changes in puberty, there is a difference between girls and boys The percentage of boys who discuss the changes in puberty with their mothers is low compared with the percentage of girls However, we found that there is almost no sharing between fathers and daughters 0.
Previous studies have found that The results of the research done by Bulut et al. Sixty-eight percent of conversations were about physical changes in puberty [ 11 ].
Our findings on the person with whom the changes in puberty are discussed i. Srgenlerde findings show cinsellok after the onset of puberty symptoms, many adolescents change their dressing styles It is possible that the male—female difference in change in dressing style is that puberty starts earlier ergenlefde girls, and changes such as breast ergfnlerde are especially noticeable from outside.
This rapid change is one of the most obvious aspects of puberty [ 414 ]. Our research established that the puberty symptom that makes adolescents most happy is an increase in height However, the puberty symptom that makes adolescents most unhappy is formation of pimples Their unhappiness might be explained by the fact that they pay too much attention to their bodies and appearances in this period. That more than half of the students In the same research, Although this result is consistent with our study on the resources of girls, it differs from our finding that mothers are at the top of the resource list.
One of the cinaellik important findings of the research is that health lessons are not given at schools This finding means that information on the changes in puberty does not get passed on to adolescents systematically and from the right sources, ergenlwrde this is a huge handicap.
Accurate information given at schools through formal education is a valuable resource both for adolescents and for their future children. To protect public health, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of schools and place RH and SH subjects in the education curriculum according to the needs of the country [ 22 ]. Various methods to educate cinsrllik on SH have been discussed.
It is said that the method of disseminating SH information through different cinzellik might reduce the influence of the education. Inviting a lecturer from outside the school is said to be the approach most favored by students, because students trust lecturers from outside and can share their feelings more easily.
Teaching the subject as a separate course or unit is seen as the best approach to this ergen,erde [ 922 ]. Also, our study determined that RH education is sometimes given through guests from outside the school; however, this ergejlerde a relatively rare occurrence.
This education does not reach the majority of the school and is limited to a small group.
However, the same research determined that It is obvious that education on RH at schools is not much different or efficient at either medium or late puberty. The need for education on RH is demonstrated by the fact that ergenlerdde majority of students in this study wanted to receive information on RH When asked about the source of information they would prefer, students of cinsellil sexes reported preferring to be informed by a doctor.
It is also known that the percentage of adolescents using medical facilities is quite low compared with other age groups [ 5 ]. The finding that girls wanted to be informed on RH prior to puberty It is observed that boys also want to be informed on this matter prior to puberty At the end of the study, it is seen that adolescents are aware of the changes in their bodies, girls discuss puberty symptoms mostly with their mothers, and boys discuss them mostly with their friends. The following recommendations are made, based on the findings of this study: