World J Surg. May-Jun;17(3) Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia. Touloukian RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Yale. Jejunoileal atresias and stenoses are major causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Atresia—derived from the Greek components a- . Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small.

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Jejunal atresia has an incidence of about 1: Collins JH, et al. This may vary from a few days to several weeks. CC ]. Expert curators review the literature and organize it to facilitate your work. Intestinal atresia is a broad term used to describe a complete blockage or obstruction anywhere in the intestine. The most common operation involves removal of the blind intestinal segments, and the remaining ends are closed with sutures.

Cystic fibrosis is also an associated disorder and may seriously complicate the management of jejunoileal atresia.

Stenosis refers to a partial obstruction that results in a narrowing of the opening lumen of the intestine. Symptoms of the following disorders can be jejunoiileal to those of Jejunal Atresia. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without ayresia written authorization and approval from NORD.

Please consider making a donation now and again in the future. Research on birth defects and their causes is ongoing. The blockage is created by a membrane web present on the inner aspect of the intestine.

The National Institutes of Health NIH is sponsoring the Human Genome Project which is aimed at mapping every gene in the human body and learning why that jejuonileal malfunction. The success of this operation is excellent.


Surgery, to repair the intestinal obstruction, is performed as soon as possible after delivery. Lambrecht W, et al.

Intestinal atresia – Wikipedia

Duodenal atresia and stenosis are managed by connecting the blocked segment of duodenum to the portion of duodenum just beyond the obstruction. Pyloric Atresia The pyloric obstruction is opened and the stomach passageway is repaired. Genetic counseling may be of benefit for patients and their families.

Colonic atresia may occur in conjunction with small bowel atresia, Hirschsprung’s disease or gastroschisis. Pyloric atresia involves an obstruction at the pylorus, which is the passage linking the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine duodenum. Jejunoileal atresia involves an obstruction of the middle region jejunum or lower region ileum of the small intestine. Apple peel syndrome in sibs.

Pyloric Atresia Pyloric atresia involves an obstruction at the pylorus, which is the passage linking the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine duodenum. Looking For More References? Apple-peel intestinal atresia associated with balanced reciprocal translocation t 2;3 q In this condition, because of agenesis of the mesentery, the distal small bowel comes straight off the caecum and twists around the marginal artery, jejunoilsal a maypole, a Christmas tree, or an apple peel at operation.

It is found 1 out of newborns till now jejunoilexl a chance of having jejunoileal atresia, and is common than the duodenal atresia.

If the area affected is small, the surgeon may be able to remove the damaged portion and join the intestine back together.

Flageole H, et al. Nevertheless, children with all forms of intestinal atresia require surgical treatment. If there is an excess of amniotic fluid found in ultrasound, then there is a chance of intestinal atresia.

Jejunum, a portion of the small intestine twists around an artery that leads to atresia atgesia intestinal blockage.

Rare Disease Database

This leads to narrowing, or in the most severe cases, complete obliteration of the intestinal lumen. Our small intestine is segmented into three parts. This is quite rare, and tends to run in families. It is connected to a smaller caliber segment of the intestine by a fibrous scar. Infants often develop a swollen distended abdomen and may not have a bowel movement as is normally expected during the first day of life.


Lower gastrointestinal GI series: C ] – Superior mesenteric artery obliteration. An intestinal failure of absorbing amniotic fluid results in excess of this fluid and is found by the ultrasound imaging technique. Rickham and Karplus described 2 families with affected sibs.

Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis | Treatment, Diagnosis, and Outlook

It is hoped that this nejunoileal knowledge will lead to prevention and treatment of birth defects in the future. Ejjunoileal May Also Like. Log in Sign up. Subscribe to Free ePainAssist Newsletters. A picture or videotape of the test is also made so it can be reviewed later. About News Events Contact. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. Twenty-five percent of their children may receive both normal genes, one from each parent, and will be genetically normal for that particular trait.

This defect can either occur in the small or large intestine. The site of the atresia can be anywhere from the ligament of Treitz to the jejunoileal junction. There are three types of duodenal atresia. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small intestine to the back wall of the abdomen. Imperforate anus Rectovestibular jejunpileal Persistent cloaca Rectal atresia.

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